The ICT sector (Information and Communication Technology) is one part of the job market which is expanding rapidly. Its continuous evolution, due to its connection with state-of-the-art technology, means that there is a constant demand for professionals capable of working with different tools which can make the companies they work for pioneers in their fields.
Adecco Information & Technology, the specialist division in the IT and ICT sectors of the Adecco Group, has carried out a survey of more than 2000 companies and employees in the sector to establish a picture of technological employment in Spain.
Adecco, world leader in human resources management, expects demand for profiles linked to information and communication technology to rise by 9.3% until 2020. Thus, between 2017 and 2020, companies will require more professionals, which will equate to 8.2 million throughout the world, compared to the 7.5 million that exist at present.
In other words, the ICT sector will need to employ an extra 700,000 professionals throughout the world until 2020. In Spain, the increase will be even greater. In 2016 alone, it is expected that employment will rise in this sector by 39.9% compared to 2015.
According to the Computer Engineering Professional Associations (Colegios Profesionales de Ingeniería Informática), 94.1% of those who have trained in information and/or communication technology have work at present. This makes them one of the groups with the highest level of employment in Spain, since only 5.9% are unemployed.
Higher education is particularly important in this sector – according to the data obtained in the survey, 94% of those who work in this area are graduates. In other words, they are highly qualified professionals.
More than half of the job offers are for programmers.
54% of the vacancies in 2015 were for programming jobs, i.e. more than half of the total in the ICT sector. After programmers come project management professionals, with 9% of all job offers; specialists in ERP, CRM and Business Intelligence (8%): and systems experts (7%).
The organizations not only require a specific profile, they also need their workers in the ICT area to be experts in specific technologies. Thus, during 2015 the ones most sought after were: JAVA, present in 16% of offers; J2EE, in 15%; and .NET, in 15%. They are followed by SAP, which is required in 7% of offers; PHP, in 6%; QA in 6%; and ATG, which is required in 5%.
The scarcity of professionals, the main challenge facing the sector
In Europe there is a problem with the supply and demand of professionals in the ICT sector. While demand grows significantly, the number of those who specialise in this area is not increasingly proportionately. There is, then, a deficit of professionals and a significant number of vacancies are not covered.
The main reasons for this are: lack of specialist profiles, according to 28.4% of those surveyed; lack of experience, according to 25.9%; and lack of training, in the opinion of 19.1%.
The jobs created by ICT and their training requirements
The ICT sector creates new jobs and profiles. However, the prospects for some of them in the years ahead are better than others.
Cybersecurity specialists, systems analysts, experts in social networks and mobility, search engine positioning experts, network systems administrators or senior technicians in computer installation, maintenance and repair, specialists in databases and computer and scientific data networks – these will be the most important occupations in the forthcoming years.
Since the sector is constantly changing, new positions have recently been created which are expected to be in great demand in the near future. Some of these professions are: Cloud systems administrator, coordinator of ICT staff teams, Front End developers, virtual reality specialist, UX design expert, HPC expert, BYOD ecosystems manager, etc.