The EU Commission for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport recently published the Education and Training Monitor 2015, an annual report that analyses the evolution of education and training systems in the European Union, in general, and of the Member States, in particular.
The study highlights the important role that education plays in the creation of a better society, as people with higher levels of education are less at risk of marginalization and social exclusion. Effective education is based on inclusiveness, ensuring every citizen has the opportunity to develop their talents and feel part of a shared future. Building effective education and training systems requires a focus on inclusion as part of the pursuit of excellence, quality and relevance, objectives reflected in Europe 2020. However, the latest available data shows a decrease in education investment for the third consecutive year, jeopardizing the EU’s progress towards these objectives.
According to the Education and Training Monitor 2015, mutual learning and the creation of evidence-based policies are of vital importance.
But, what does the report have to say about the current situation of Spain? According to the study, Spain has one of the highest tertiary education rates in Europe and enrolment in vocational education and training (VET) has also increased, especially in the case of the dual model of VET and work-based training.
However, despite a steady fall in early school leaving over the past six years, Spain still has the highest rate in Europe, with significant differences between regions. The study also reveals large disparities in the performance of students in basic skills between peers, schools and regions, most of which are linked to their socio-economic status.
The Education and Training Monitor 2015 expects the recent reform of the education and training system to reduce the early school leaving rate while improving basic skills levels.
It also points out that the employability of higher education graduates in Spain, particularly in certain disciplines, continues to be a challenge, as well as the large number of graduates who work in jobs that do not require a university degree.