The Realities of Vocational Education and Training

The Spain: VET in Europe 2014 country report has recently been published as part of a series of studies on vocational education and training produced by each EU Member State for the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop).

Spain: VET in Europe offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of the Spanish vocational education and training (VET) system and how it fits within our country’s political, social, economic and employment strategies.

The new edition of this report is based on the policy measures taken in 2014 aiming to improve the VET system:

  • The introduction for the first time of a Basic VET programme established by the LOMCE (Spain’s Organic Law on Education Quality Improvement):

Initial VET programmes were discontinued in September 2014 and replaced with Basic VET, which so far covers 21 different diploma programmes. For the 2014-2015 academic year, more than 34,000 students enrolled in the new programme, the majority of whom were 15-year-olds who had completed their third year of ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education).

Unlike the previous programme, Basic VET allows students to obtain official academic and professional diplomas which give them the option of continuing their education in Intermediate VET programmes.

  • An increase in the number of Dual VET programmes in all the Autonomous Communities.

The implementation of the Dual VET system has been developed through:

  • Training and apprenticeship contracts
  • Scholarship and learning agreements

Both schemes enable young people to combine their work at a company with periods of training in training centres linked to the activity carried out in the workplace.

According to the Ministry of Employment and Social Security, in 2013 there was a 73% increase over the previous year in the number of training and apprenticeship contracts. In addition, these workers have the option of receiving a VET diploma or Professional Certificate within the company itself, as long as the company meets the requirements to be accredited as a training centre.

Cedefop is one of the EU’s decentralised agencies that supports the development of European vocational education and training policies and contributes to their implementation.

You can download the full report here.